Amazing Water facts

Amazing water facts – the most important substance on earth, maybe next only to oxygen are here on the pages of this website.

It is vital for all known forms of life, even though it provides no calories or organic nutrients.

Water covers approximately 70.9% of the Earth’s surface, mostly in seas and oceans.

Water is an excellent solvent for a wide variety of substances both mineral and organic; as such it is widely used in industrial processes, and in cooking and washing.

Water, ice and snow are also central to many sports and other forms of entertainment, such as swimming, pleasure boating, boat racing, surfing, sport fishing, diving, ice skating and skiing.

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Water, ice and snow are also central to many sports

Water is the only common substance to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas in normal terrestrial conditions.

Water is a good polar solvent, that dissolves many salts and hydrophilic organic molecules such as sugars and simple alcohols such as ethanol. Water also dissolves many gases, such as oxygen and carbon dioxide—the latter giving the fizz of carbonated beverages, sparkling wines and beers.

From a biological standpoint, water has many distinct properties that are critical for the proliferation of life. It carries out this role by allowing organic compounds to react in ways that ultimately allow replication.

In a lake or ocean, water at 4 °C (39.2 °F) sinks to the bottom, and ice forms on the surface, floating on the liquid water. This ice insulates the water below, preventing it from freezing solid. Without this protection, most aquatic organisms would perish during the winter, one of the amazing wonders of water.

A lake with ice forming on top of the water

Civilization has historically flourished around rivers and major waterways.

Water plays an important role in the world economy. Approximately 70% of the freshwater used by humans goes to agriculture.

One of the amazing water facts is that the human body contains from 55% to 78% water, depending on body size. To function properly, the body requires between one and seven liters (0.22 and 1.54 imp gal; 0.26 and 1.85 U.S. gal) of water per day to avoid dehydration; the precise amount depends on the level of activity, temperature, humidity, and other factors.

The human body contains from 55% to 78% water

 75% of the human brain is water and 75% of a living tree is water.

To create one pint of beer it takes 20 gallons of water.

Drinking too much water can be fatal (known as water intoxication).

It takes 120 gallons of water for one egg.

Earth’s gravity allows it to hold an atmosphere. Water vapor and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere provide a temperature buffer (greenhouse effect) which helps maintain a relatively steady surface temperature. If Earth were smaller, a thinner atmosphere would allow temperature extremes, thus preventing the accumulation of water except in polar ice caps (as on Mars).

There is more fresh water in the atmosphere than in all of the rivers on the planet combined

Water’s technically correct but rarely used chemical name, “dihydrogen monoxide”, has been used in a series of hoaxes and pranks that mock scientific illiteracy. This began in 1983, when an April Fools’ Day article appeared in a newspaper in Durand, Michigan. The false story consisted of safety concerns about the substance.

Americans drink more than one billion glasses of tap water per day.

Water regulates the Earth’s temperature.

Water is the most common substance found on earth.

There is an estimated 326 million trillion gallons of water on earth.

 

Over 90% of the world’s supply of fresh water is located in Antarctica

Water has been detected in interstellar clouds within our galaxy, the Milky Way. Water probably exists in abundance in other galaxies, too, because its components, hydrogen, and oxygen, are among the most abundant elements in the universe. Based on models of the formation and evolution of the Solar System and that of other star systems, most other planetary systems are likely to have similar ingredients.

On 22 July 2011, a report described the discovery of a gigantic cloud of water vapor containing “140 trillion times more water than all of Earth’s oceans combined” around a quasar located 12 billion light years from Earth. According to the researchers, the “discovery shows that water has been prevalent in the universe for nearly its entire existence”.

There is the same amount of water on Earth as there was when the Earth was formed. The water from your faucet could contain molecules that stayed constant through the world’s history.

This is the same water that earth’s prehistoric animals drank before

All known forms of life depend on water. One of the amazing water facts is that it is vital both as a solvent in which many of the body’s solutes dissolve and as an essential part of many metabolic processes within the body. Metabolism is the sum total of anabolism and catabolism. Without water, these particular metabolic processes could not exist.

Water is fundamental to photosynthesis and respiration. All living cells use such fuels and oxidize the hydrogen and carbon to capture the sun’s energy and reform water and CO2 in the process.

Source: Wikipedia