Earth Wonders

Earth wonders are so plentiful in this world.

Chocolate Hills and Fingal’s Cave are two exceptional earth wonders in the world

Earth wonders are so plentiful on this world. From Chocolate Hills in Bohol, Philippines to the Fingal’s Cave in Staffa Island, Inner Hebrides, Scotland this earth has so many of them that it makes you think, if this is so, did those beauties come out by chance? Or were they designed?

The most likely answer is that through the aeons, when the earth underwent geological processes, those seemingly designed terrestrial beauty developed to what we see today. There was an evolutionary process that transpired but there was the raw materials that evolved through the ages.

The earth has 1,187,049 mountains, 307 million lakes, 165 major rivers in the world. There are probably innumerable hills and roughly there are about 25,000 Islands in the Pacific alone. Most of those islands are a delight to watch on pictures. And pictures of lakes are so awesome.

The longest river in the world, measured from its mouth to its most distant, year-round source, is likely the Amazon, which flows 4,345 miles from the Peruvian Andes through Brazil to the Atlantic Ocean.

The Amazon River

Greenland is officially the world’s largest island that is not a continent. Home to 56,000 people, Greenland has its own extensive local government, but it is also part of the Realm of Denmark.

While the Caspian Sea has features of both a lake and a sea, it is often regarded as the largest lake in the world. From a scientific standpoint, the Caspian Sea is classified as an endorheic basin, which means that its contents don’t flow to any external bodies of water.

A global popularity poll announced seven provisional winners that outrank other splendid sights. Seven Natural Earth Wonders. 

1. The Northern Lights: Aurora Borealis

An aurora (plural: auroras or aurorae), sometimes referred to as polar lights (aurora polaris), northern lights (aurora borealis), or southern lights (aurora australis), is a natural light display in Earth’s sky, predominantly seen in high-latitude regions (around the Arctic and Antarctic). Auroras display dynamic patterns of brilliant lights that appear as curtains, rays, spirals or dynamic flickers covering the entire sky. The northern lights dance across the sky and emanate a diffused glow along the northern horizon

Auroras, great earth wonders are the result of disturbances in the magnetosphere caused by solar wind. These disturbances alter the trajectories of charged particles in the magnetospheric plasma. These particles, mainly electrons and protons, precipitate into the upper atmosphere (thermosphere/exosphere). The resulting ionization and excitation of atmospheric constituents emit light of varying colour and complexity.

The intensity of northern lights increases as you head north towards the magnetic pole in the Arctic. Unfortunately, the northern lights appear only randomly, making it a challenge for travelers to see while on a short trip. They are more often experienced by locals who live in these northern regions. Some of the most popular places to see northern lights are in Canada’s far north, Alaska, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, and Finland.

The Aurora Borealis

2. The Grand Canyon

The Grand Canyon is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in Arizona, United States. The Grand Canyon is 277 miles long, up to 18 miles wide and attains a depth of over a mile (6,093 feet).

One of the earth wonders, the canyon and adjacent rim are contained within Grand Canyon National Park, the Kaibab National Forest, Grand Canyon–Parashant National Monument, the Hualapai Indian Reservation, the Havasupai Indian Reservation and the Navajo Nation. President Theodore Roosevelt was a major proponent of the preservation of the Grand Canyon area and visited it on numerous occasions to hunt and enjoy the scenery.

Nearly two billion years of Earth’s geological history have been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut their channels through layer after layer of rock while the Colorado Plateau was uplifted. While some aspects about the history of incision of the canyon are debated by geologists, several recent studies support the hypothesis that the Colorado River established its course through the area about 5 to 6 million years ago. Since that time, the Colorado River has driven the down-cutting of the tributaries and retreat of the cliffs, simultaneously deepening and widening the canyon.

You only need to stand on the rim of the Grand Canyon once to know why it’s one of the 7 natural wonders of the natural world. The Grand Canyon’s massive and colorful landscape provides breathtaking views that can’t be found anywhere else in the world. I remember my sister burst into tears the first time she saw that magnificent view.The Grand Canyon is located in Arizona, USA. The closest major cities are Las Vegas and Phoenix.

The Grand Canyon

3. Paricutin

Parícutin (or Volcán de Parícutin, also accented Paricutín) is a cinder cone volcano located in the Mexican state of Michoacán, near the city of Uruapan and about 200 mi west of Mexico City. The volcano surged suddenly from the cornfield of local farmer Dionisio Pulido in 1943, attracting both popular and scientific attention.

Paricutín presented the first occasion for modern science to document the full life cycle of an eruption of this type. During the volcano’s nine years of activity, scientists sketched and mapped it and took thousands of samples and photographs. By 1952, the eruption had left a 1,391 feet cone and significantly damaged an area of more than 90 sq milesz with the ejection of stone, volcanic ash and lava. Three people were killed, two towns were completely evacuated and buried by lava, and three others were heavily affected. Hundreds of people had to permanently relocate, and two new towns were created to accommodate their migration. Although the larger region still remains highly active volcanically, Parícutin is now dormant and has become a tourist attraction, one of the earth wonders with people climbing the volcano and visiting the hardened lava-covered ruins of the San Juan Parangaricutiro Church.

In 1997, CNN named Parícutin one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. The same year, the disaster film Volcano mentioned it as a precedent for the film’s fictional events.

Even avid travelers may not know about Paricutin, mainly because this natural wonder resides in Michoacán, Mexico. This cinder cone volcano was named one of the 7 natural wonders of the world, even over famous volcanoes, such as Yellowstone.

Paricutin

4. Victoria Falls

Victoria Falls is a waterfall on the Zambezi River in southern Africa, which provides habitat for several unique species of plants and animals. It is located on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe and is considered to be one of the world’s largest waterfalls due to its width of 5,604 feet.

David Livingstone, the Scottish missionary and explorer, is believed to have been the first European to view the falls on 16 November 1855, from what is now known as Livingstone Island, one of two land masses in the middle of the river, immediately upstream from the falls near the Zambian shore. Livingstone named his sighting in honour of Queen Victoria.

Visitors can access the falls from Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe and Livingston in Zambia. Cross the border to gain different perspectives of this magnificent natural wonder. The best views are from Zimbabwe, but you can get a closer experience from Zambia. Helicopter tours and microlight tours are another great way to see the falls.

The Victoria Falls

5. Mount Everest

Mount Everest one of the earth greatest wonders is Earth’s highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. The China–Nepal border runs across its summit point. Its elevation (snow height) of 29,031.7 feet was most recently established in 2020 by the Nepali and Chinese authorities.

Mount Everest attracts many climbers, including highly experienced mountaineers. There are two main climbing routes, one approaching the summit from the southeast in Nepal (known as the “standard route”) and the other from the north in Tibet. While not posing substantial technical climbing challenges on the standard route, Everest presents dangers such as altitude sickness, weather, and wind, as well as significant hazards from avalanches and the Khumbu Icefall. As of 2019, over 300 people have died on Everest, many of whose bodies remain on the mountain.

The first recorded efforts to reach Everest’s summit were made by British mountaineers. The 1924 expedition resulted in one of the greatest mysteries on Everest to this day: George Mallory and Andrew Irvine made a final summit attempt on 8 June but never returned, sparking debate as to whether or not they were the first to reach the top. Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary made the first official ascent of Everest in 1953, using the southeast ridge route.

Mt. Everest

6. Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef system , one of wondrous earth wonders is composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for over 1,400 miles over an area of approximately 133,000 sq miles. The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland, Australia. The Great Barrier Reef can be seen from outer space and is the world’s biggest single structure made by living organisms.

The Great Barrier Reef

7. Harbor of Rio de Janeiro

Guanabara Bay is an oceanic bay located in Southeast Brazil in the state of Rio de Janeiro, another one of great earth wonders. On its western shore lies the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Duque de Caxias, and on its eastern shore the cities of Niterói and São Gonçalo. Four other municipalities surround the bay’s shores. Guanabara Bay is the second largest bay in area in Brazil (after the All Saints’ Bay.

Guanabara Bay 19 miles long and 17 miles wide at its maximum. Its 0.93 miles wide mouth is flanked at the eastern tip by the Pico do Papagaio (Parrot’s Peak) and the western tip by Pão de Açúcar (Sugar Loaf).

Harbor of Rio de Janeiro